Chapter 49 Land Surveyor Weekly From #04 - Cedar Valley District is about sixty miles east of the Colorado river at Aubrey Landing, and about sixty miles south of Mineral Park. Wood is abundant, and water for ore reduction can be had at the Sandy, fifteen miles distant. The veins are well defined, in walls of granite. The ore is a sulphuret of silver. The Arnold shows a vein 18 inches wide, that assays $100 per ton. It has a shaft 60 feet, and a tunnel 130 feet. It is owned by the Arnold Mining Company, and has produced $20,000, gold and silver. The Silver Queen has a shaft 130 feet, and over 200 feet of tunnels and cross-cuts. Its vein is 3 feet, assaying $60 per ton. A 5-stamp mill and roaster have been erected on the property by the Hampden Mining Company. The Hibernia is a strong vein, 4 feet wide, with an average of $60 per ton. It has a shaft 100 feet. The Hope is a large vein and has some very rich ore. It is estimated that it has yielded $20,000. The Bunker Hill is a 2-foot vein, and the Congress is a vein of the same size, both carrying good ore. These are only a few of the mines of Cedar Valley. There are scores of others, well worthy of inspection.
Hackberry District.—This camp is about 30 miles east of Mineral Park, in the Peacock range. The formation is a granite and porphyry. The camp was at one time the most prosperous in Mohave, but the stoppage of the Hackberry mine has caused it to become almost deserted. It is expected that with the advance of the Atlantic and Pacific railroad, which will pass within three miles of the mines, operations will again be resumed. The Hackberry vein is about 40 feet in width. About 18 inches of this vein carries rich silver ore, which gives an average, by working process, of $200 per ton. There is one shaft of 400 feet, another of 270, and one of 180 feet. The mine is opened by levels, drifts, and cross-cuts. It is estimated that the total yield of bullion has been over $300,000. A fine 10-stamp mill and roaster have been erected on the property. The mine is owned by the Hackberry Milling and Mining Company. The Descent is a small vein of rich ore, which has produced nearly $30,000. It has two shafts, one of 90, and one of 100 feet. The Hester is an extension of the Hackberry. It has two shafts, 100 and 60 feet each. It has produced about $10,000. The Hackberry South is a 4-foot vein, assaying $50 per ton. It is opened by several shafts, and has yielded $15,000.
San Francisco District is situated nine miles east of Hardyville on the Colorado river, in the Union Pass range. It was discovered in 1863, and work has been carried on there at intervals ever since. The Moss is the leading mine of the district. It is an immense gold ledge, nearly 40 feet in width, and will average $12 per ton, from wall to wall. The mine has been worked extensively in years past, and has produced some of the richest gold rock ever taken out in the Territory. It has one tunnel 290 feet, one shaft 240 feet, one shaft 98, and 1,700 feet of levels, drifts, etc. The mine has produced nearly $130,000. Its proximity to the river makes this a valuable property for those who have the requisite capital to work it properly. The San Francisco Moss is an extension of the Moss. It is a vein 40 feet in width, carrying ore that averages all the way across, $6 per ton. There are many portions of the ledge that go much higher. It has 300 feet of shafts, drifts, and tunnels. The West Extension is an 18-foot ledge of gold quartz, with a 60-foot shaft.
Following is the list of uncopyrighted publications used for the History of Arizona and the Southwest. All can be easily found on-line in PDF format. Sorted by publication date they are:
The majority of the publications listed here were written with the intent to be historically accurate. This is not an attempt to make a point of historical fact by providing this information. It is intended to simply share what is documented about the American Southwest, primarily on the Arizona Territorial area.
There are no living people to speak for the time period related here. We must use recorded information to look into that era. The point-of-view of today is different from those living then. The intent here is not to provide an opinion. If one spends time reading the material listed, it will be enlightening as to life in the untamed Territory of Arizona as it was in the minds of the people of at that era.
Regarding the stories of the all of people in the Territory of Arizona it can bring out all emotions. From sympathy to anger and sadness to admiration, you will feel something. It is difficult to imagine what it would be like to be living here, or traveling through, at different times in the past. It is hopeful that all will find a least find some amusement looking through the window of the past provided here.
It was a rough life for the Land Surveyor of yester-year. The Survey party that was sent out then consisted of a large crew. Usually between 5-7 men. There was a head Land Surveyor along with a couple of Land Surveyor trainees which pulled the chain. The chain was an actual 66 foot long chain, with 100 links, used to measure distance. It looks similar to what holding the flags at the base of the page. There were laborers to help clear trees and brush out of the way. Given the crude equipment of the time, it is amazing how accurate some of the old Land Surveyor's measurements were.
Land Surveying in Arizona Started in 1866. From a report in 1867 by Joseph S. Wilson, Commissioner of the General Land Office : "A contract was entered into with Deputy Surveyor William H. Pierce on the 15th day of December, 1866, for the survey in Arizona of 96 miles of the Gila and Salt River Meridian; 36 miles of the base line and standard and exterior township boundary lines, to amount in the aggregate to a sum not exceeding $7,500. Mr. Pierce completed the survey of the meridian from the initial corner north 24 miles, the base line from the same corner east 36 miles, and the first standard parallel north along the south boundary of township 5 north, east 42 miles, and west 42 miles, when the military protection which had been furnished him was withdrawn, and he was compelled to quit the field, the Indians infesting the country, rendering it unsafe and impracticable to continue the work without military escort. At his request, and by your order, Mr. Pierce has been released from further obligation to prosecute the work under his contract."
Chapter 49 Land Surveyor Weekly From #04 - Cedar Valley District is about sixty miles east of the Colorado river at Aubrey Landing, and about sixty miles south of Mineral Park. Wood is abundant, and water for ore reduction can be had at the Sandy, fifteen miles distant. The veins are well defined, in walls of granite. The ore is a sulphuret of silver. The Arnold shows a vein 18 inches wide, that assays $100 per ton. It has a shaft 60 feet, and a tunnel 130 feet. It is owned by the .........Continue to complete Chapter
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